# Auth User

Auth User is Pm Wiki's identity-based authorization system that allows access to pages to be controlled through the use of usernames and passwords. Auth User can be used in addition to the password-based scheme that is Pm Wiki's default configuration.

Auth User is a very flexible system for managing access control on pages, but flexibility can also bring complexity and increased maintenance overhead to the wiki administrator. This is why Pm Wiki defaults to the simpler password-based system. For some thoughts about the relative merits of the two approaches, see PmWiki:ThoughtsOnAccessControl.

## Activating Auth User

To activate Pm Wiki's identity-based system, add the following line to local/config.php:

    include_once("$FarmD/scripts/authuser.php");  ## Creating user accounts Most of Auth User's configuration is performed via the Site.AuthUser page. To change the Auth User configuration, simply edit this page like any other wiki page (you'll typically need to use the site's admin password for this). To create a login account, simply add lines to Site.Auth User that look like:  username: (:encrypt password:)  For example, to create a login account for "alice" with a password of "wonderland", enter:  alice: (:encrypt wonderland:)  When the page is saved, the "(:encrypt wonderland:)" part of the text will be replaced by an encrypted form of the password "wonderland". This encryption is done so that someone looking at the Site.Auth User page cannot easily determine the passwords stored in the page. For greater security, place a read password on the Site.Auth User page. To change or reset an account's password, simply replace the encrypted string with another (:encrypt:) directive. ## Controlling access to pages by login Pages and groups can be protected based on login account by using "passwords" of the form id:username in the password fields of ?action=attr (see PmWiki.Passwords). For example, to restrict a page to being edited by Alice, one would set the password to "id:alice". It's possible to use multiple "id:" declarations and passwords in the ?action=attr form, thus the following setting would allow access to Alice, Carol, and anyone who knows the password "quick":  quick id:alice,carol  To allow access to anyone that has successfully logged in, use "id:*". One can also perform site-wide restrictions based on identity in the $DefaultPasswords array: e.g.

    # require valid login before viewing pages
$DefaultPasswords['read'] = 'id:*'; # Alice and carol may edit $DefaultPasswords['edit'] = 'id:alice,carol';
# All admins and Fred may edit
$DefaultPasswords['edit'] = array('@admins', 'id:Fred');  You can change the $DefaultPasswords array in local customization files such as:

• local/config.php (for entire wiki)
• farmconfig.php (for entire wikifarm)

## Organizing accounts into groups

Auth User also makes it possible to group login accounts together into authorization groups, indicated by a leading "@" sign. As with login accounts, group memberships are maintained by editing the Site.Auth User page. Group memberships can be specified by either listing the groups for a login account (person belongs to groups) or the login accounts for a group (group includes people). You can repeat or mix-and-match the two kinds as desired:

    @writers: alice, bob
carol: @writers, @editors


## Getting account names and passwords from external sources

The Auth User script has the capability of obtaining username/password pairs from places other than the Site.Auth User page, such as passwd-formatted files (usually called '.htpasswd' on Apache servers), LDAP servers, or even the local/config.php file.

### Passwd-formatted files (.htpasswd/.htgroup)

Passwd-formatted files, commonly called .htpasswd files in Apache, are text files where each line contains a username and an encrypted password separated by a colon. A typical .htpasswd file might look like:

    alice:vK99sgDV1an6I
carol:Q1k Se Nc Tfwqjs?


To get Auth User to obtain usernames and passwords from a .htaccess file, add the following line to Site.Auth User, replacing "/path/to/.htpasswd" with the filesystem path of the .htpasswd file:

    htpasswd: /path/to/.htpasswd


Creation and maintenance of the .htpasswd file can be performed using a text editor, or any number of other third-party tools available for maintaining .htpasswd files. The Apache web server typically includes an htpasswd command for creating accounts in .htpasswd:

    $htpasswd /path/to/.htpasswd alice New password: Re-type new password: Adding password for user alice$


Similarly, one can use .htgroup formatted files to specify group memberships. Each line has the name of a group (without the "@"), followed by a colon, followed by a space separated list of usernames in the group.

    writers: carol
editors: alice carol bob


Note that the groups are still "@writers", "@editors", and "@admins" in Pm Wiki even though the file doesn't specify the @ signs. To get Auth User to load these groups, use a line in Site.Auth User like:

    htgroup: /path/to/.htgroup


### Configuration via local/config.php

Auth User configuration settings can also be made from the local/config.php file in addition to the Site.Auth User page. Such settings are placed in the $AuthUser array, and must be set prior to including the authuser.php script. Some examples:  # set a password for alice$AuthUser['alice'] = crypt('wonderland');
# set a password for carol
$AuthUser['carol'] = '$1$CknC8zAs$dC8z2vu3UvnIXMfOcGDON0';
# define the @editors group
$AuthUser['@editors'] = array('alice', 'carol', 'bob'); # Use local/.htpasswd for usernames/passwords$AuthUser['htpasswd'] = 'local/.htpasswd';
# Use local/.htgroup for group memberships
$AuthUser['htgroup'] = 'local/.htgroup';  ### Configuration via LDAP Authentication can be performed via an external LDAP server -- simply set an entry for "ldap" in either Site.Auth User or the local/config.php file.  # use ldap.airius.com for authentication$AuthUser['ldap'] = 'ldap://ldap.airius.com/ou=People,o=Airius?cn?sub';


LDAP authentication in Auth User closely follows the model used by Apache 2.0's mod_auth_ldap module; see especially the documentation for AuthLDAPUrl for a description of the url format.

For servers that don't allow anonymous binds, Auth User provides $AuthLDAPBindDN and $AuthLDAPBindPassword variables to specify the binding to be used for searching.

## Setting the Author Name

By default, Pm Wiki will use a login name in the Author field of the edit form, but allows the author to change this value prior to saving. To force the login name to always be used as the author name, use the following sequence to activate Auth User:

    include_once("$FarmD/scripts/authuser.php");$Author = $AuthId;  ## See Also Can I specify authorization group memberships from with local/config.php? You can as of version 2.1.14 -- simply put the group definition into the$AuthUser array:

        \$AuthUser['@editors'] = array('alice', 'carol', 'bob');